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No.32

Why Japanese-style Employment Systems Hamper the Success of Women

Yamaguchi Kazuo, Ralph Lewis Professor of Sociology, University of ChicagoAt the initiative of the Abe administration, a draft “Act on the Promotion of Success in the Working Careers of Women” (provisional title) will be submitted to the National Diet. While the viability of the bill is uncertain, its intent is sound, and the fact that the administration decided to set numerical targets against protests from Japan’s Keidanren is also commendable. Having each company set figures based on actual circumstances is an unavoidable measure because an insufficient number of female human resources have been cultivated to date, and because setting a quota is not a rational economic move. Instead, we need to visualize the numerical targets and possible outcomes, have each company establish the targets they plan to attain, and make their achievements transparent. The problem, however, is that the main reason the contributions of women in Japanese economic activity have not advanced lies in the Japanese employment system.... [Read more]

Diplomacy

32

Japan Is Set for A New Dimension of International Cooperation
― A perspective for future international cooperation

33
ENDO Homare, Director, Center of International Relations, Tokyo University of Social Welfare, Professor Emeritus, University of Tsukuba

Mao Zedong, Founding Father of the People’s Republic of China, Conspired with the Japanese Army

30
Peace Statue at Nagasaki Peace Park

Interview:
Sowing the Seeds for Making the World Nuclear-Free
For Passing on and Sharing the Memories of the Atomic Bombing Seventy Years Ago

27
Nishihara Masashi, President, Research Institute for Peace and Security (RIPS)

Debates on National Security Should Rule Out One-nation Pacifism

27
SAKAMOTO Kazuya, Professor, Graduate School of Law and Politics, Osaka University

Sound Argument: New Japan-U.S. Guidelines Strengthened the Bonds of the Alliance

Politics

28
KAMIYA Matake, Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan

Evaluating the Statement made by Prime Minister Abe Shinzo

28
YOSHIZAKI Tatsuhiko, Economist

“Security” or “Constitution” – Don’t Fall Between Two Stools

28
Modern Historian Hata Ikuhiko

Paper Commemorating Receipt of the 30th Seiron Prize
Comfort Women in the Battle over History

The battle over history started by South Korea and China continues to get worse. Is there any prospect of Japan mounting a counterattack?

25
UNO Shigeki, Professor, Institute of Social Science, the University of Tokyo

Dull Bull/ Philosopher Prime Minster and Intellectuals Looking at the Prime Minster Ohira Policy Research Council

24
Sasaki Takeshi, Vice Chairman, Japan Productivity Center, former president of the University of Tokyo

A Diet Dissolution Solely for Survival Is the Root of All Evil for Japanese Politics
Refrain from arrogance, Mr. Abe

Economy

32
Yamaguchi Kazuo, Ralph Lewis Professor of Sociology, University of Chicago

Why Japanese-style Employment Systems Hamper the Success of Women

32
FUJIMORI Katsuhiko, Chief Research Associate, Mizuho Information & Research Institute, Inc.

The Rapid Increase of Elderly Single Households and the Declining Marriage Rate
― Social System Rebuild Inevitable

33
IWATA Kazumasa, President of the Japan Center for Economic Research (JCER)

Interview:
Preventing Deflationary Pressure from Flaring Up Again
― Investors Placing Funds in Assets Other Than Government Bonds

32
DJweb_32_eco_06-fig01

The Making of an
Intellectual Property-based Nation

32
YAMADA Hisashi, Chief Economist, Head of Economics Department, the Japan Research Institute, Ltd.

Will Japan’s Labor Shortage Worsen?
Overstaffing May Resurface If Problems Are Left Unaddressed

32
DJweb_32_eco_05

Investing in Japan

33
IWATA Kazumasa, Japan Center for Economic Research (JCER) President

The Bank of Japan Can Continue Quantitative and Qualitative Monetary Easing for Only Two More Years: The Adoption of Negative Interest Rates Is Proposed
– Eliminating the Zero Lower Bound is Crucial

31

Abenomics is Womenomics

33
IKEO Kazuhito, Professor, Keio University

Interview:
Intermediary Functions of Banks Have Declined
― Limits of Monetary Policies Have Been Exposed

33
ARIMA Jun, Professor at the University of Tokyo’s Graduate School of Public Policy

Issues Presented in the Paris Agreement

33
UEDA Kazuo, Professor, University of Tokyo

The Good and the Bad of a Negative Interest Rate Policy:
Zero Interest Rate on Cash Constrains the Policy’s Effectiveness
Fears of currency weakness inviting competition ― Market senses limits to monetary policy

32
KURODA Haruhiko, Governor of the Bank of Japan

Mr. Governor, when will we finally be free from deflation?
An 80-minute exclusive where we discuss everything from Abenomics to the his bazookas and his reading history

31

Makeup Brushes, Kendama, and Sakata Seed…
Products Made-in-Japan and Recognized by the World
— Global Hits Offer an Uncompromising Quality

30
Kato Hisakazu, Professor, School of Political Science and Economics, Meiji University

Is Relocation to Regional Cities the Equivalent of Abandoning Old people in the Mountains to Die?
Is the Long-Term Care Insurance System Sustainable? ―There are two issues to solve.

30

Google vs. Local Competitors in Japan
Any chance for the local competitors to win the AI market?

Society

32

What does the future hold for funerals in Japan?

31
Rebuild Japan Initiative Foundation (RJIF) founder Funabashi Yoichi at the “Population Evaporation” symposium

Shock of a “Nation of 50 Million People

33

Primatology (ape studies) and DNA research unlock the answers…
Where Do Human Beings Come from, and Where Are We Heading?

31
Gavin H. Whitelaw, Sr. Associate Professor, International Christian University

Japan as a Society Dependent on Convenience Stores
What Attracts Me to Japan’s “Konbini”

31
SAKAI Masayoshi, Visiting Researcher, Center for Global Communications, International University of Japan

When Idols Shone Brightly
Development of Japan, the Idol Nation, and the Trajectory of Idols

Culture

33
Haiku International Association President Arima Akito delivers his welcome address.

A Sardine-Shaped Cloud

32
KAMIYA Matake, Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan

Shogi and Artificial Intelligence

32

The Unification of the Written Word in Modern-era Japan

30
TSUCHIYA Mamoru, Whisky writer, representative of the Japan Whisky Research Centre

Delicious Drinks
The Mellow World of Japanese Whisky

28
Sketchbooks1878 to 1913/ privately ownedThese books contain the accumulated sketches of Kobayashi. Ten of them remain today. The sketches include many watercolor designs from which Kobayashi produced his kosenga, such as Kudanzaka Satsukiyo (Night in May at Kudan Hill), which is introduced below.

Edo and Tokyo as Viewed by Kobayashi Kiyochika, the “Last Ukiyo-e Artist”

Science

30
KASHIKAWA Nobunari, Associate Professor, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan

From the Subaru Telescope to TMT

28
ITOH Motoshige, Professor at the Graduate School of Economics of University of Tokyo

Electricity Reform Is the Best Performer for the Growth Strategy

26
22 October 2014, Professor Amano visited the Prime Minister’s Office (From the website of the Prime Minister of Japan and his Cabinet)

Corporations and Geniuses― The main man behind the invention of blue LEDs speaks.
Serendipity: No Such Thing Exists
Interview with Amano Hiroshi, Professor, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University

25

The Robot & AI Revolution I
Robots will Change Work & Industry

25
SAKURA Osamu, PhD., Dean and Professor at the Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies, University of Tokyo ©AOKI Noboru

The Robot & AI Revolution

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