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No.19
No.19 ,Politics  Mar 10, 2014

On the New National Defense Program Guidelines

YAMAGUCHI Noboru, Professor, National Defense Academy of Japan

On December 17, 2014, the Government of Japan (GOJ) released two key documents for its national security policy: the National Security Strategy (NSS) and the new National Defense Program Guidelines (NDPG). The NDPG proposes Japan’s defense strategy and policies to implement the strategy including the structure and posture of the Self-Defense Forces (SDF) with a time span of at least ten years. The first NDPG was issued in 1976 and the GOJ has revised it in 1995, 2004 and 2010. The new NDPG has several remarkable characteristics: it is the first NDPG developed under a new document, the “National Security Strategy”; it contains several key phrases such as “proactive contribution to peace,” “Dynamic Joint Defense Force,” and “Seamless response to various situations including so-called ‘gray-zone’ situations”; and it gives serious consideration to the two most important factors in the strategic environment in the Asia-Pacific region, China’s rise and the United States’ rebalancing towards the region. ... [Read more]

No.18
No.18 ,Politics  Jan 21, 2014

Concerns over Abenomics Regarding Projects to “Build National Resilience”
Increasing Government Spending Again Will Do Little to Solve Anything

KOMINE Takao Professor at the Graduate School of Regional Policy Design at Hosei University; Project Leader at the 21st Century Public Policy Institute

Japan’s regional areas are currently suffering from a declining economy, while the phenomenon of underpopulation is making matters even worse in those areas. One possible solution that has been presented to solve this problem calls for increasing public works spending, supported by the idea of “Building National Resilience.” This government strategy, however, which aims to revitalize regional communities through the help of large-scale infrastructure investment, appears to be going against the long-time social trend, and I am concerned that it will have the opposite effect and end up hampering the emerging community-driven initiatives to revive the economy and business in those regions.... [Read more]

No.18
No.18 ,Politics  Jan 20, 2014

Establish National Targets to Halt Population Decline Follow France’s Example and Stabilize Population at 90 Million *1

IWATA Kazumasa, Japan Center for Economic Research (JCER) President

Japan is likely to tip into fiscal collapse due to rising tax and social security burdens in the future, or Japan’s standard of living is likely to erode. At the root of the problem lies population decline. If no action is taken, the population will shrink to 30% of its present size in 100 years and to around 10% of its current size in 200 years, and Japan’s presence in the international community will gradually diminish. To avoid such a situation, the Japan Center for Economic Research proposes the establishment of national population targets, aimed at raising the birthrate over the course of forty years and maintaining a stable population of 90 million. We propose combining this with a policy of opening up Japan and inviting people, expertise and investment from overseas. ... [Read more]

No.18
No.18 ,Politics  Jan 20, 2014

The Death of Regional Cities: A horrendous simulation Regional Cities Will Disappear by 2040 A Polarized Society will Emerge

MASUDA Hiroya, Visiting Professor, The University of Tokyo Graduate School

The first thing that we need to understand when envisioning the future of a nation is its demographics. Japan, whose population began to decline in 2008, will become a society with a population in full-scale decline. In considering methods to realize an affluent society in such a scenario, it is necessary to look squarely at Japan’s current situation. During my twelve years in office as the governor of Iwate Prefecture, my greatest issue of concern was the declining population and the resulting issue of marginal settlements. When I took office in 1995, the population in Iwate stood at 1,419,000. It was 1,363,000 when I left office in 2007, and by 2012 it had fallen to 1,300,300. A declining population not only lowers the functions of regional communities, but also makes it difficult to maintain services essential for daily life, such as medical care and education. While I was governor, measures I adopted included the introduction of a remote medical system based on the use of information technology (IT), providing subsidies for relocation expenses to those living in villages facing risks of natural disaster, and promoting consolidation of such villages. These policies were effective for the purpose of maintaining the functions of regional areas, but they were still passive.... [Read more]

No.17
No.17 ,Politics  Nov 27, 2013

Abe Shinzo’s Security Policy

IWAMA Yoko, Professor of International Relations. National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)

During Prime Minister Abe Shinzo’s visit to the United States in September 2013, he described his plan to modernize Japan’s security policy, which he says is one of his top priorities. Professor Iwama Yoko, professor at the National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, an editor of Discuss Japan, and a member of the Abe administration’s Advisory Panel on Reconstruction of the Legal Basis for Security, explains “active pacifism,” a key phrase in Mr. Abe’s speeches, its background, and the historical background of the security policy that Mr. Abe aims to develop. Prime Minister Abe Shinzo gave speeches at the Hudson Institute, the New York Stock Exchange, and the UN General Assembly on September 25 and 26, indicating the Prime Minister’s strong interest in improving his image in the United States. Of these three speeches, his speech at the UN General Assembly in... [Read more]

No.16
No.16 ,Politics  Oct 04, 2013

Thinking About the Abe Cabinet in the Next Three Years

YOSHIZAKI Tatsuhiko, Chief Economist, Sojitz Research Institute, Ltd.

The ruling parties in the coalition, the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and New Komeito, comprised the second largest force in the House of Councillors until the Upper House election this summer, in which they won more than half the seats. The parties consequently took a stable majority in both the Upper and Lower Houses, resolving a condition that had been dubbed a “twisted” Diet. Prime Minister Abe Shinzo probably could not have asked for a better election result. Thinking generally about this, there will be no election in Japan in the next three years. Chances are that a stable period, which is rare in the kaleidoscopic world of Japanese politics, will arrive. What will the Abe administration aim for in this quiet period ahead? Many observers take the view that he might... [Read more]

No.16
No.16 ,Politics  Oct 01, 2013

The Prime Minister’s Challenges During His Three Golden Years

MURATA Koji, International Politics Scholar

As expected, the Liberal Democratic Party won a landslide victory in the House of Councillors election in July, putting an end to the “twisted Diet.” Since the ruling parties have an overwhelming majority in the House of Representatives, unless there is an extraordinary reason, there will be no national elections until the next House of Councillors election, planned to be held in the summer of 2016. So the ruling Liberal Democratic Party can enjoy three golden years. If Prime Minister Abe Shinzo is re-elected in the LDP’s next presidential election in 2015, he will also be able to enjoy three golden years as prime minister. That said, the LDP government headed by Prime Minister Abe is not without its weaknesses. Let me point out five challenges the administration... [Read more]

No.15
Nos.13-15 ,Politics ,KUDO_Yasushi  Aug 29, 2013

(JAPAN POLITICS CHANGED?) Abe Administration: Aiming for a Strong Economic Revival and Realistic Foreign Policy

Photo:SHIOZAKI_FUKUSHIMA

With an emphasis on measures to spur economic growth, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s administration is pressing forward to put the Japanese economy back on its feet. Amid concerns raised by overseas media and others about the nation’s “tilt to the right,” how does Japan intend to play its role in Asia based on the prime minister’s pet theory of giving priority to the Japan-U.S. relationship? Glen S. Fukushima, who now works as a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress in Washington, D.C. after a long and outstanding career in Japan, and Abe’s close aide Yasuhisa Shiozaki, acting chairman of the Liberal Democratic... [Read more]

No.15
Nos.13-15 ,Politics  Mar 06, 2013

(JAPAN POLITICS CHANGED?) LDP’s Change to Spur Change of Politics in Japan

Photo : Ishiba Shigeru

EDITOR’S SUMMARY: The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) returned to power after three years and three months in opposition. Through its experience of being in opposition, the party keenly realized the need to become a party for the people and a policy-focused group actively engaged in dialogue with citizens, who embody the sovereignty of the nation. Mr. Shigeru Ishiba, who helped secure the LDP’s return to power as its secretary general, affirms that the administration of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is one that can revive Japan by working out solutions to the country’s long-sidestepped issues, and argues that the changes the party is embracing will initiate true changes in Japanese politics.... [Read more]

No.15
Nos.13-15 ,Politics ,KUDO_Yasushi  Mar 06, 2013

(JAPAN POLITICS CHANGED?) Abe Administration: Aiming for a Strong Economic Revival and Realistic Foreign Policy

Photo:SHIOZAKI_FUKUSHIMA

With an emphasis on measures to spur economic growth, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s administration is pressing forward to put the Japanese economy back on its feet. Amid concerns raised by overseas media and others about the nation’s “tilt to the right,” how does Japan intend to play its role in Asia based on the prime minister’s pet theory of giving priority to the Japan-U.S. relationship? Glen S. Fukushima, who now works as a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress in Washington, D.C. after a long and outstanding career in Japan, and Abe’s close aide Yasuhisa Shiozaki, acting chairman of the Liberal Democratic... [Read more]

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